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Temporal Transcriptomics of Gut Escherichia coli in Caenorhabditis elegans Models of Aging Public Deposited

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MLA citation style

Brislawn, C, et al. Temporal Transcriptomics of Gut Escherichia Coli In Caenorhabditis Elegans Models of Aging. ASM Journals. 2021. https://mushare.marian.edu/concern/generic_works/84ca11de-1fdb-4be3-b4f1-a158ad79b578?locale=en

APA citation style

Brislawn, C, Chan, Jason, Letson, G, Unverdorben, L, Lamendella, R, Chen See, J, Heibeck, N, Buonaccorsi, V, Brycky, J, & Emlet, C. (2021). Temporal Transcriptomics of Gut Escherichia coli in Caenorhabditis elegans Models of Aging. https://mushare.marian.edu/concern/generic_works/84ca11de-1fdb-4be3-b4f1-a158ad79b578?locale=en

Chicago citation style

Brislawn, C, Chan, Jason, Letson, G, Unverdorben, L, Lamendella, R, Chen See, J, Heibeck, N et al. Temporal Transcriptomics of Gut Escherichia Coli In Caenorhabditis Elegans Models of Aging. ASM Journals. 2021. https://mushare.marian.edu/concern/generic_works/84ca11de-1fdb-4be3-b4f1-a158ad79b578?locale=en

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  • Host-bacterial interactions over the course of aging are understudied due to complexities of the human microbiome and challenges of collecting samples that span a lifetime. To investigate the role of host-microbial interactions in aging, we performed transcriptomics using wild-type Caenorhabditis elegans (N2) and three long-lived mutants (daf-2, eat-2, and asm-3) fed Escherichia coli OP50 and sampled at days 5, 7.5, and 10 of adulthood. We found host age is a better predictor of the E. coli expression profiles than host genotype. Specifically, host age was associated with clustering (permutational multivariate analysis of variance [PERMANOVA], P = 0.001) and variation (Adonis, P = 0.001, R2 = 11.5%) among E. coli expression profiles, whereas host genotype was not (PERMANOVA, P > 0.05; Adonis, P > 0.05, R2 = 5.9%). Differential analysis of the E. coli transcriptome yielded 22 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways and 100 KEGG genes enriched when samples were grouped by time point [LDA, linear discriminant analysis; log(LDA), ≥2; P ≤ 0.05], including several involved in biofilm formation. Coexpression analysis of host and bacterial genes yielded six modules of C. elegans genes that were coexpressed with one bacterial regulator gene over time. The three most significant bacterial regulators included genes relating to biofilm formation, lipopolysaccharide production, and thiamine biosynthesis. Age was significantly associated with clustering and variation among transcriptomic samples, supporting the idea that microbes are active and plastic within C. elegans throughout life. Coexpression analysis further revealed interactions between E. coli and C. elegans that occurred over time, building on a growing literature of host-microbial interactions. IMPORTANCE Previous research has reported effects of the microbiome on health span and life span of Caenorhabditis elegans, including interactions with evolutionarily conserved pathways in humans. We build on this literature by reporting the gene expression of Escherichia coli OP50 in wild-type (N2) and three long-lived mutants of C. elegans. The manuscript represents the first study, to our knowledge, to perform temporal host-microbial transcriptomics in the model organism C. elegans. Understanding changes to the microbial transcriptome over time is an important step toward elucidating host-microbial interactions and their potential relationship to aging. We found that age was significantly associated with clustering and variation among transcriptomic samples, supporting the idea that microbes are active and plastic within C. elegans throughout life. Coexpression analysis further revealed interactions between E. coli and C. elegans that occurred over time, which contributes to our growing knowledge about host-microbial interactions.
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  • Microbiology Spectrum
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