With a grant and a fun group of feminist scholars who were interested in studying cultural and legal Brazilian equality, I packed my suitcase and headed to Brazil for 10 days of intense research. I am a recent graduate of Marian University in Indianapolis, with a future as a high school psychology and government teacher, and as such I was interested in the question of gender equality within the classroom setting. I had originally set out to study the inclusion of women in the history curriculum and classroom specifically, but due to our schedule and the pull of the Brazilian citizens I met, my topic widened to include how gender stereotypes limit the quality of the education, the discontent in the current educational system in Brazil, and the changes that Brazilians wish to see in their schools and societies.
In this essay I examine the relationship between black feminism, writing, and the possible ways we might interpret black feminist women’s writing as activism. I also explore the cross-cultural development of black feminism in the U.S. as compared to Brazil. The varying works of black feminist women, whose writing often reflects the intersectional places of oppression black women (and women of color) routinely face, perhaps unintentionally, creates safe spaces for black women to identify, reaffirm, and feel supported. Black feminism calls for the equitable treatment of all persons and proffers itself as both ideology and practice. Therefore, the <em>safe visibility</em> of black feminist women writers across the globe, a guarantee that is not always certain for black women, especially those in developing countries, is a necessary feat to combat. Safe visibility advocates for harassment free recognition, due payment for all works and basic respect for writers who help contribute to black feminist thought. Within this essay, a brief discourse about the ability for black feminism to safeguard black feminist writers and their words is of the upmost importance to highlight. Writers such as Alice Walker and Carolina Maria de Jesus, whom are further discussed in this essay, demonstrate the range of black feminist women writers to explore social inequalities and the undeniable ways black feminism, the women, writings and works, help maintain a sisterhood of accountability. It is only because of black feminism that I know of Carolina Maria De Jesus. Through her words, may she be seen, heard and advocated for more ever present.
This paper compares the sexualization of Brazilian women and women from the United States. By juxtaposing the standard of beauty in Brazil to the standard of beauty in the States, comparisons could be made between what men, women, and the media consider “beautiful”, and how the definition changes between these groups. In order to reach a conclusion, participant observation was done in various regions of Brazil, during which student interviews took place.
The LGBT+ community is generally grouped into one big group with all the same needs by media, organizations, and people. However, LGBT+ people have different concerns and needs based on age, race, ability, and so many other identities to which they can also fall under. Additionally, gender and sexual diversity greatly differ in needs within the community. This research focuses on the history of social movements for, and politics concerning primarily cisgender women of a sexual minority (lesbian, bisexual, etc.) in America and Brazil. Traditional research methods were primarily used to discover the reality of queer people in America, such as availability to resources and mental health. However, my research of the reality of the community in Brazil is primarily based on participant observation by interviews, question and answer sessions with politicians, as well as daily conversations (or lack thereof). With this research, commonalities along with differences were found between the two countries regarding history, politics, struggles, and victories for LGBT+ women, which ultimately lead to my conclusion of proposed solutions for the betterment of women in the queer community.