Title

Puzzles in Bonding and Spectroscopy: the Case of Dicarbon

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2016

Published In / Presented At

Science Progress (Vol.99, Iss.1)

Disciplines

Organic Chemistry | Physical Chemistry

Abstract

The unstable molecule C-2 has been of interest since its identification as the source of the "Swan band" features observable in the spectra of flames, carbon arcs, white dwarf stars, and comets, and it continues to serve as a focal point for experimental and theoretical discovery. Recent spectroscopic work has identified a quintet state of the molecule for the first time, while new insights into the bond order of C-2 in its ground state have been provided by sophisticated computational methods based on valence bond theory. This article gives a review of spectroscopic and computational work on C-2 including both historical background and the most recent discoveries.

DOI

10.3184/003685016X14509452393033